Patent Registration in India

be a Legal Owner of your Invention & Protect it 

  • Provisional Patent Application - ideal for Early Stage of R & D and Ideas

                Starts @ Rs 39,999/-  ( Time taken 7-10 days)

  • Complete Patent Application - for Completed Project

                 Starts @ Rs 79,999/-  ( Time taken 12-15 days)

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Patent Registration in India

Patent Registration at a glance

A Patent is an exclusive set of rights granted by the Authority to the Applicant of an invention for a period of 20 years under the Patent Act in India.

Patent is a legal document, which gives an inventor the exclusive right to make, use, and sell an invention for a specified number of years.

What is patentable?

To qualify for a patent, the invention must meet three basic tests.

  • First, it must be novel, meaning that the invention did not previously exist.
  • Second, the invention must be non-obvious, which means that the invention must be a significant improvement to existing technology. Simple changes to previously known devices do not comprise a patentable invention.
  • Finally, the proposed invention must be useful. Legal experts commonly interpret this to mean that no patent will be granted for inventions that can only be used for an illegal or immoral purpose.

Advantages of Patent Registration in India

Protects Invention, Ideas and Concept
Patent Is an intellectual property which protects your invention and prevents other to use it without your prior permission. Ideas and Concept also eligible.
Right Preference for first applicant
Even first step of patent registration, i.e. patent filing itself (Provisional Application) security and surety that no other person could claim the same invention for 12 months. After which non-provisional application has to be filed with complete claims and description. Meanwhile, If someone tries to claim the invention as theirs, then their request will get rejected for filing period.
Exclusive Access
You got exclusive right for 20 years. Therefore the patent holder retains an absolute monopoly on product or process for the period of patent.
Earn Royalty
Patent rights can be licensed to other companies to receive royalty payments
Sell or Transfer against Consideration
You can sell or transfer the patent right to other against fair consideration.
Helps in Building business
With your patented innovation, you can use it to grow your business
Intangible Asset
A patent is an Intangible assets in Books of accounts like other Fixed Assets. Its value in the Books recorded at Cost Model or Revaluation Model. For More details of Valuation See Accounting Standard 26 issued by ICAI.

Documents Requirement for Patent Registration in India

  1. ID Proof of Applicant ( Passport/Aadhar/Voter ID) & Nationality
  2. Title of the Invention
  3. Description of the Invention

  4. Other documents - Drawing, Form 1/2/3/5/8/9/19/20, Power of Attorney, Declaration ( Case to case varies and/or Required as per demand by Controller)

Our Pricing for Patent Works

Novelty Search

Professional's Novelty Search Report

Rs. 23600

Provisional Patent Application

For Individual Applicant ( Filing at Idea, Concept and R&D Stage) ( Otherthan Non Biological/Chemical Invention)

Rs. 39999

Provisional Patent Application

For Entity Applicant. ( Filing at Idea, Concept and R&D Stage) ( Otherthan Non Biological/Chemical Invention)

Rs. 44999

Complete Patent application

For Individual Applicant. ( Otherthan Non Biological/Chemical Invention)

Rs. 79999

Complete Patent application

For Entity Applicant. ( Otherthan Non Biological/Chemical Invention)

Rs. 129999

Withdraw of Patent Application

In case of Opposition filed or need Response to Examination Report

Rs. 2999

Biological/Chemical Invention

Provisional/ Complete Application for all kind of applicant. Fee varies.

Customise Fee

PCT International Application

For all kind of applicant. Fee varies.

Customise Fee

Priority Journal Publish

if looking for fast processing of Departmental works. Extra Govt Fee

Customise Fee

Legal proceedings/Litigations

Fee depends case to case

Customise Fee

The above mentioned fee is covered Application Filing, Request for Examination and Filing of Response against Objection. Invention Description Specification upto 30 pages is Free and for Extra Pages, Govt. Fee payable on actual basis. Any Other Services Like Legal Proceedings against Opposition filed, Litigations and any Other Services is separate.

Our Service Package for Patent Registraion

Consultation
Our Patent Professional give on call consultation to client first to make him clear about the process of registration with Authority, understand his/her project and documents requirement and pricing.
Novelty Search
Patent Professional perform an extensive search for prior art in all possible databases for patent, articles, thesis etc. and based on that a Search report prepared for you.
(This is Optional service if taken by Applicant )
Drafting Application
Patent Professional prepare your application and co-ordinate with you for Title of invention, details specification of invention and relevant facts.
Filing of Application
Once your application drafting is completed and checked properly, we file your application along with payment of Govt. fees.
In case of Filing of Provisional Application ( For Idea, Concept and R&D stage), again within 12 months Complete application also file with details specifications of the invention.
Request for Examination
Within 48 months of Filing Complete Application, we file the request for Examination of Patent along with prescribed fee
File Response against Examination Report
This Compliance we do, If there is any objection raised by the Examiner/Controller.
We file the response within the lime limit.
Patent Grant
On Successful passing of Examination stage, You Patent is Granted by the authority.
Our Professional Serve best to get it done smoothly by complying all technical and legal formalities.

Patent Registration Process in India

  • Disclosure of Invention to Professional/Agent This is first step to start processing your Patent registration. Need to hire a Professional ( or Patent Agent) by signing NDC (Non Disclosure Agreement ).
    Here you need to disclose your Details of your Invention, Description diagrams and experimental result, without hiding anything.
  • Novelty Search (or Patentability Search) A Novelty Search or Patentability Search is generally conducted in the early stages of Research & Development. This search is conducted when an inventor is interested in applying for a patent, and wants to determine whether a similar or identical invention already exists.
    In this phase, patent professional performed an extensive search for prior art in all possible databases for patent, articles, thesis etc. and based on that a Search report prepared which helps to determine that an application for Patent could be filed with authority. The main purpose of Novelty Search is to get Professional Opinion on Novelty/Uniqueness, Inventive Step and its Applicability in the industry before you go for Filing. That saves your cost.
    IT IS OPTIONAL FOR APPLICANT.
  • Decision to file Patent application Based on Novelty Search Report of Professional OR At your own option you decide to go for Patent Application Filing with Authority and Hire a Professional ( or agent) to avoid any mistakes.

    # IF at Early Stage of R & D, Ideas and Concept stage – Opt ‘Provisional Patent Application’.
    # For Completed Innovation ( or Project) – Go for ‘Complete Patent Application’ . Here again have option to Opt Ordinary Application ( tame taking process ) or Priority Application ( with extra Govt. Fee saves processing time)
  • Drafting Application Next job is Drafting of patent application. It is specialised job and requires both technical (field of invention) and legal (Indian patent act) understanding.
    A patent is a techno-legal document Writing patent application as a technical document without considering legal aspect may be a mistake which can make your application not worth a lot. And all the efforts you took for research and development can go waste.
    Hence, right Patent professional (or agent) with appropriate experience can remarkably add value to patent application.
  • Filing of Application Once your application drafting is completed and checked properly, next step is to file the patent application in prescribed manner. That is in the appropriate forms along with Govt. fees. Govt. Fees varies based of type of applicant.
    If you do not opt for early publication (with extra Govt fee varies 2500 to 12500, publish in one month) the patent application will be published on expiry of 18 months.
  • Request for Examination The request for examination is to be made within 48 months from the date of filing the patent application, in the prescribed form along with fees.
    This request is basically made to Indian patent office to examine your patent application.
  • Respond to objections If there is any objection raised by the Examiner based on his examination, you have the the option to file Response against the Examination Report.
    This is a chance for an inventor to communicate his novelty or inventive step over prior arts found in the examination report. The inventor and patent agent create and send a response to the examination that tries to prove to controller that his invention is indeed patentable and satisfies all patentability criteria’s.
  • Grant of Patent When all the stages are successfully passed and meet compliance and eligibility requirements, Patent is granted and goes for Publication.

What types of inventions are not patentable in India?

Life Cycle of Patent Application

 

Registration process of Patent

 

Patent Registration in India
FAQs
    • Drafting a patent application is a specialised job and requires both technical (field of invention) and legal (Indian patent act) understanding.
      As you know, patent is a techno-legal document. Many inventors trying to write patent application on their own writes it from completely technical perspective. Writing patent application as a technical document without considering legal aspect may be a mistake which can make your application not worth a lot. And all the efforts you took for research and development can go waste.
      Hence, right patent professional (or patent agent) with appropriate experience can remarkably add value to patent application.
      FinTax Patent Professional is the right choice to get your Patent registration success.
    • Yes. We do serve our clients PAN India from our Branch Offices and Associate Patent Professionals in Major Cities.
    • Provisional Patent Application filing takes 7-10 days
      Complete Patent Application Filing Takes 12-15 days
    • No. Patent protection is a territorial right and therefore it is effective only within the territory of India. There is no concept of global patent.
      However, filing an application in India enables the applicant to file a corresponding application for same invention in convention countries or under PCT, within or before expiry of twelve months from the filing date in India. Patents should be obtained in each
      country where the applicant requires protection of his invention.
    • An invention relating either to a product or process that is new, involving inventive step and capable of industrial application can be patented. However, it must not fall into the categories of inventions that are non- patentable under sections 3 and 4 of the Act.
    • An invention is patentable subject matter if it meets the following criteria -
      i) It should be novel.
      ii) It should have inventive step or it must be non-obvious
      iii) It should be capable of Industrial application.
      iv) It should not attract the provisions of section 3 and 4 of the Patents Act 1970.
    • An application for a patent can be filed at the earliest possible date and should not be delayed. An application filed with provisional specification, disclosing the essence of the nature of the invention helps to register the priority of the invention. Delay in filing an application may entail some risks such as:
      (i) some other inventor might file a patent application on the said invention and
      (ii) there may be either an inadvertent publication of the invention by the inventor himself/herself or by others independently of him/her.
    • Generally, an invention which has been either published or publicly displayed cannot be patented as such publication or public display leads to lack of novelty. However, under certain circumstances, the Patents Act provides a grace period of 12 months for filing of
      patent application from the date of its publication in a journal or its public display in an exhibition organised by the Government or disclosure before any learned society or published by applicant. The detailed conditions are provided under Chapter VI of the Act
      (Section 29-34).
    • Yes. All the patent applications are kept secret upto 18 months from the date of filing or priority date whichever is earlier and thereafter they are published in the Official Journal of the Patent Office which is published every week and also available on the IPO
      website. After its publication, public can inspect the documents and also may take the photocopy thereof on payment of the fee as prescribed.
    • It is not necessary to visit the patent office to file the application as online filing facility is provided. Only in case the application is required to be filed offline, the same can be filed physically at the counter of the Office. Moreover, all the communications with the office are made through emails. However, hearing proceedings relating to patent application can be attended with prior appointment on any working day during prosecution stage.
    • The information relating to the patent application is published in the Patent office Journal issued on every Friday. This is also available in electronic form on the website of the Patent Office, www.ipindia.nic.in.
    • A patent application can be filed either by true and first inventor or his assignee, either alone or jointly with any other person. However, legal representative of any deceased person can also make an application for patent.
    • A patent application can be filed with Indian Patent Office either with provisional specification or with complete specification along with prescribed Govt fee.
      In case the application is filed with provisional specification, then one has to file complete specification within 12 months from the date of filing of the provisional application. There is no further extension of time to file complete specification after expiry of said period.
    • To register for filing of patent application, the user is required to obtain the Class III digital signature. After obtaining the digital signature, the user can register himself on the CGPDTM website by creating his user ID and password.
    • Yes, India has four patent offices located at Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai. Each office has a separate territorial jurisdiction. The appropriate office for all proceedings including filing of the application depends normally where the applicant/first mentioned applicant resides/has domicile/has place of business/has origin of invention. In case of foreign applicants, it depends on the address for service in India given by such applicant.
    • In India, a patent application can be withdrawn in the following ways:
      1) A request for the withdrawal of the application can be filed within 15 months of the date of filing or date of priority, whichever is earlier and accordingly the application
      will not be published and be treated as ―withdrawn‖.
      2) An applicant can withdraw the application before the issuance of the First Examination Report. However, on withdrawal of the application, applicant can
      claim a refund of up to 90% of examination fees.
      3) An applicant can withdraw the application any time after its filing but before the grant of patent by making a request. There is no fee for withdrawing the application. And also there is no refund of examination fee.
      CONTACT FinTax PATENT PROFESSIONAL FOR THIS.
    • Generally, when an invention is not complete an application can be filed with provisional.
      Specification which is known as provisional application. This is useful in establishing a priority date for your invention. Moreover, it also gives sufficient time to the applicant to assess and evaluate the market potential of his invention before filing complete
      specification. However, it is not necessary to file an application with provisional specification and one can file application directly with complete specification.
    • Every application for patent is published after expiry of 18 months from the date of its filing or priority date whichever is earlier. However, following applications are not published.
      A) Application in which secrecy direction is imposed,
      B) Application which has been abandoned u/s 9(1) and i.e when a provisional, application has been filed and the complete application has not been filed with 12 months from the filing of the provisional application,
      C) Application which has been withdrawn 3 months prior to 18 months
    • Yes, the applicant can make a request for early publication in Form 9 along with the prescribed fee. After receiving such request the Patent Office publishes such application within a period of one month provided the invention contained thereon does not relate to
      Atomic energy or Defence purpose.
      CONTACT FinTax PATENT PROFESSIONAL FOR THIS.
    • A patent application is not examined automatically after its filing. The examination is done only after receipt of the request of examination in Form 18 either from the applicant or from third party or Form 18A for expedited examination (under conditions as prescribed in the Rules).
    • The request for examination can be filed within a period of 48 months from the date of priority or date of filing of the application whichever is earlier. For more details kindly refer to rule 24B of the Patents Rules 2003 as amended.
    • After examination, the Patent office issues an examination report to the applicant which is generally known as First Examination Report (FER). Thereafter the applicant is required to comply with the requirements within a period of 6 months from the date of FER which can be extended by 3 months (There is no provision for extension of time beyond the said period and the application is deemed to have been abandoned).In case, the application is found to be in order for grant, the patent is granted, provided there no pre-grant opposition is filed or pending. A letter patent is issued to the applicant. However, in case a pre-grant opposition is pending, the further action is taken after disposition of the pre-grant opposition.
    • If the applicant does not file a reply within 6 months or does not take an extension of 3 months, the application is deemed to have been abandoned.
    • If applicant has not complied with the requirements within the prescribed time, the Controller shall provide an opportunity of being heard to the applicant before refusing his application if a request for such hearing has been made by the applicant at least 10 days in advance before expiry of the statutory period.
    • A representation for pre-grant opposition under section 25(1) of Patents Act, 1970 can be filed, on Form 7A within six months from the date of publication of the application u/s 11A or before the grant of patent.
    • Yes, it is possible to file representation for pre-grant opposition even though there is no request for examination has been filed. However, the representation will be considered only when a request for examination is received within the prescribed period.
    • No, there is no fee for filing representation for pre-grant opposition. This can be filed by any person.
    • The time for filing post-grant opposition is 12 months from the date of publication of the grant of patent in the official journal of the patent office.
    • Yes, the post grant opposition has to be filed in the prescribed Form 7 along with prescribed fees as mentioned in First Schedule in Patents Rules 2003.. The post grant opposition has to be filed by the person interested and not by any other person
    • The following are the e-filing facilities available for an applicant:
      • Comprehensive e-filing facility for Patents and Designs,
      • Comprehensive payment gate way including net banking, payment by Debit/Credit card
      • Web based Simple Registration process and filing procedure
      • Real time Validations with IPO Patent database
      • Manage User Profile and Folders
      • 10% fee reduction on online filing compared to offline filing to promote online filing.
      • Request for expedited examination- only through e-filing
    • The Patent Office has no role beyond grant of patent. Since patents are private rights the patent owner is responsible for commercialising the patent either himself or through licensee. However, the information relating to grant of patent is published in the Patent Office journal and also published on the Patent Office website which is accessible to the public worldwide. This certainly may help the applicant to attract potential user or licensee. The patent office also compiles and updates a list of patents which are lapsed/ceased in India.
    • The person concerned can perform a search free of cost on Indian Patent database consisting of published patent applications and granted patents. The said database is available on Patent Office website http://ipindiaservices.gov.in/publicsearch. Further, the website (www.ipindia.nic.in) contains innovative tools under DYNAMIC UTILITIES which gives information about the patent applications at various stages of processing.
    • Yes, the Patent Rules provides for different fee for individuals/Startups, SME‘s and legal entity. Details can be seen in the First Schedule of the Patents Rules, 2003 as amended from time to time.
    • After the grant of patent, every patentee has to maintain the patent by paying renewal fee every year as prescribed in the schedule I. For first two years, there is no renewal fee. The renewal fee is payable from 3rd year onwards. In case the renewal fee is not paid the patent will be ceased.
    • The patentee has choice to pay the renewal fees every year or he can pay in lump sum as well.
    • A request for restoration of patent can be filed within 18 months from the date of cessation of patent along with the prescribed fee. After receipt of the request the matter is notified in the official journal for further processing of the request.
    • It is not necessary under the patent law to engage a registered patent agent for filing an application for patent. The applicant is free to file an application by himself or through the patent agent. However, an applicant who is not a resident of India is required to file either through the registered patent agent or must give an address for service in India
    • Ordinarily, under the following circumstances, it is not necessary to obtain prior permission from the Patent Office to file patent application abroad:
      (a) Applicant is not Indian resident and invention is originated abroad about.
      (b) If the applicant is Indian resident and filed patent application has been in India before filing the application outside India and six weeks period is over from that date.
      (c) The invention does not belong to Atomic Energy or defence purpose.
    • Residents of India require prior permission to apply for patents outside India under section 39 of the Patents Act, 1970 under following circumstances.
      (a) The applicant or inventor is Indian resident,
      (b) Applicant does not wish to file patent application in India prior to filing outside India.
      (c) If the applicant is Indian resident, a patent application has been filed in India and six weeks period is not yet over from that date
      (d) The invention relates to atomic energy or defence purpose.
      However if the invention is relevant for Defence or Atomic Energy purpose, no permission shall be granted without the consent of Central Government.
    • In addition to the various forms required to be filed at the time of filing the patent application, the applicant is also required to deposit the new strain of a microorganism if used in the invention disclosed in the patent specification, in a recognized depository which assigns a registration number to the deposited microorganism, before filing for the patent application. This number needs to be quoted in the patent application.
    • The Patents Act, 1970 as well as the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 stipulates that the source and geographical origin of the biological material should be clearly disclosed in the patent specification. Further, according to the provision of Section 6 of the Biological Diversity Act, if the biological material used in the invention is from India, permission from the National Biological Authority has to be obtained by the applicant, and the same should be submitted to the Patent Office before the grant of patent.
    • If the invention uses a biological material which is new, it is essential to deposit the same in the International Depository Authority (IDA) prior to the filing of the application in India in order to supplement the description. The description in the specification should contain the name and address of the International Depository Authority and, date and number of deposition of Biological material. If such biological material is already known, in such case it is not essential to deposit the same. For more details log on to www.ipindia.nic.in
    • Yes, there is an International Depository Authority in India located at Chandigarh which is known as Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTECH). The more details regarding the said depository authority can be had on its website http://imtech.res.in/
    • The Amended rules, 2016 provides for restriction on the number of hearing adjournments to two and each adjournment shall not be more than thirty days each. These adjournments have to be requested at least three days before the date of hearing.
    • A patentee enjoys the exclusive right to make and use the patented invention. The patentee also has the right to assign the patent, grant licences, or otherwise deal with the patent, for any consideration. These rights, created by statute, are circumscribed by various conditions and limitations as prescribed under the Patents Act.1970.
    • Under the provisions of section 146, every patentee or a licensee, is required to furnish the information relating to working of patent, statement as to the extent to which the patented invention has been worked. This must be submitted on Form 27 by 31 March each year for the previous year ending 31 December.
    • This is an international treaty governing the deposition of microorganisms, cell lines etc in international approved authority approved by WIPO for the purpose of patent applications in any country that is a party to it. Because of the difficulties and, on occasion, of virtual impossibility of reproducing a microorganism from a description of it in a patent specification, it is essential to deposit a strain in a culture collection centre for testing and examination by others. There are many international depositories in many countries, which are recognised under the Budapest Treaty. IMTECH, Chandigarh is a recognised depository in India.
    • Since there is no worldwide patent, the applicant has to file his patent application in respective countries separately to obtain protection on his invention. The following are the routes available to the applicant to file his International application in foreign country.

      Paris Convention: The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, established in 1883, provides for 12 months time to file the patent application in the member countries from the date of filing of the earliest application.

      Patent Cooperation Treaty System: PCT is a system which allows an applicant to file in PCT contracting states within 30-31 months from priority date instead of 12 months. Not only does the PCT enable extended time period, it also simplifies filing procedure through a single application. The PCT system also provides for publication of application, International Search and International Preliminary Examination before entering the national phase .
    • The PCT is an international treaty with more than 150 Contracting States which are bound with certain formal requirements set out in the Treaty and Regulations. The PCT makes it possible to seek patent protection for an invention simultaneously in a large number of countries by filing a single ―international‖ patent application instead of filing several separate national or regional patent applications however, granting of patents remains under the
      control of the national or regional patent offices after the corresponding ―national phase‖ application has been filed and the national phase application is assessed as per patent law of that jurisdiction.
      As per Indian Patent Act 1970 as amended and the Patents Rules 2003 as amended by (amendment) rules 2016, any PCT international application may be filed designating India and it shall deemed to be an application if the corresponding national phase application has also been filed.
    • The PCT procedure includes:

      A) Filing: File an international application with a RO/IN national patent Office or directly with International Bureau (IB) of WIPO, complying with the PCT formality requirements and fees. In India PCT application are filed at appropriate patent offices decided on the basis of territorial limits (Rule 4, Indian Patent Act 1970 as amended and patent Rules 2003 as amended).

      B) International Search: An ―International Searching Authority‖ (ISA) identifies the published patent documents and technical literature (―prior art‖) which may have an influence on whether your invention is patentable, and establishes a written opinion on your invention‘s potential patentability. Indian Patent office, Delhi Branch performs the function of ISA on receipt of prescribed fee specified in Fifth Schedule of patent act 1970 as amended and patent rules 2003 as amended.

      C) International Publication: After expiration of 18 months from the earliest filing date (Priority Date), the content of your international application is disclosed to the world.

      D) International Preliminary Examination (optional): one of the ISAs on request carries out an additional patentability analysis, usually on an amended version of your application. Indian Patent office, Delhi Branch performs the function of International Preliminary Examination (IPEA) on receipt of prescribed fee specified in Fifth Schedule of patent act 1970 as amended and patent rules 2003 as amended.

      E) National Phase: After the end of the international PCT procedure, usually at 30 months from the earliest filing date of your initial application, from which you claim priority, you start to pursue the grant of your patents directly before the national (or regional) patent Offices of the countries in which you want to obtain them.

      F) TIme Limit: In India, 31 months is maximum time limit to enter national phase. To enter national phase an application corresponding to an international application is made in Form 1.
    • PCT international patent application may be filed by a national or resident of a PCT Contracting State. If there are several applicants named in the international application, only one of them needs to comply with this requirement.
    • PCT applications can be filed electronically with RO/IN or RO/IB which accepts such filings (Indian Patent office does not accept full e- filling of PCT international application). WIPO web service (ePCT-filing) helps to prepare applications by automatically validating the
      entered data and drawing your attention to incorrectly or inconsistently completed parts. Applicants are also entitled to certain PCT fee reductions when filing electronically (https://pct.wipo.int/). WIPO‘s PCT-SAFE software offers PCT user to prepare international application in electronic form (http://www.wipo.int/pct-safe/en/).
    • PCT international application in India shall be filed with the appropriate office in triplicate either in English or Hindi. However, the request can be filed only in English.
    • PCT applicants generally pay three types of fees when they file their international
      applications:
      (a) An international filing fee
      (b) A search fee which can vary from ISA chosen, and
      (c) A small transmittal fee which varies depending on the receiving Office.
      Refer, Fifth Schedule of patent act 1970 as amended and patent rules 2003 as amended for fee structure for an international application designating India.
    • PCT fee reductions are available to applicants who file electronically, based on the type of filing and the format of the application submitted.
      In addition, to encourage the use of the PCT System by applicants from developing countries fee reductions of 90% for certain fees, including the international filing fee, are available to natural persons. Some ISAs also provide for a reduction of the international search fee if the applicant or applicants are nationals or residents from certain countries (see Annex D of the PCT Applicant’s GuideWIPO).
    • 1) In most cases, up to an additional 18 months from the time you file your international patent application (or usually 30 months from the filing date of the initial patent application of which you claim priority) before starting of national phase procedures with individual patent Offices and to fulfill the national requirements.

      2) This additional time can be useful for evaluating the chances of obtaining patents and exploiting invention commercially in the countries in which you plan to pursue patent protection, and for assessing both the technical value of your invention and the continued need for protection in those countries.

      3) It is important to note, however, that you do not have to wait for the expiration of 30 months from the earliest filing date of your patent application (or priority date) before you enter the national phase – you can always request an early entry into the
      national phase.

      4) Since, in the national phase, each patent Office is responsible for examining your application in accordance with national or regional patent laws, regulations and practices, the time required for the examination and grant of a patent varies across patent Offices.
    • i) As a rule, an international search is carried out for all international applications. There are instances, however, where the ISA will not be able to carry out a search.
      For example, where the international application relates to subject matter which the ISA is not required to search or if the description, claims or drawings are not sufficiently clear for it to carry out a meaningful search. In such cases, the ISA will issue a declaration that no international search report will be issued.

      ii) There are also circumstances where the ISA will issue a partial search report. This can occur when, in the view of the ISA, the international application contains multiple inventions but the applicant has not paid additional search fees to cover the work required to search those additional invention(s).
    • The PCT System has many advantages for an applicant, for the patent Offices and for the general public:

      (a) You have up to 18 months more than if you had not used the PCT to reflect on the desirability of seeking protection in foreign countries, to appoint local patent agents in each foreign country, to prepare the necessary translations and to pay the national fees;

      (b) If your international application is in the form prescribed by the PCT, it cannot be rejected on formal grounds by any PCT Contracting State patent Office during the national phase of the processing of the application;

      (c) The international search report and written opinion contain important information about the potential patentability of your invention, providing a strong basis for you to make business decisions about how to proceed;

      (d) You have the possibility during the optional international preliminary examination to amend the international application, enter into dialogue with the examiner to fully argue your case and put the application in order before processing by the various national patent Offices;

      (e) The search and examination work of patent Offices in the national phase can be considerably reduced due to the international search report, the written opinion and,
      where applicable, the international preliminary report on patentability that accompany the international application;

      (f) You may be able to fast-track examination procedures in the national phase in Contracting States that have PCT-Patent Prosecution Highway (PCT-PPH) agreements or similar arrangements;

      g) Since each international application is published together with an international search report, third parties are in a better position to evaluate the potential patentability of the claimed invention;

      (h) For an applicant, international publication online puts the world on notice of your invention. You may also highlight your interest in concluding licensing agreements on PATENT SCOPE, which can be an effective means of advertising and looking for potential licensees;

      (i) You also achieve other savings in document preparation, communication and translations because the work done during the international processing is generally not repeated before each Office (for example, you submit only one copy of the priority document instead of having to submit several copies); and

      (j) if your invention appears to be not patentable at the end of the international phase, you may abandon the PCT application and save the costs you would otherwise have incurred by directly seeking protection in foreign countries, appointing local patent agents in each foreign country, preparing the necessary translations and paying the national fees.
    • ePCT is a WIPO online service that provides secure electronic access to the files of international applications filed under the PCT as maintained by the International Bureau. The applicants can file international applications using ePCT-Filing, with RO/IN as well as RO/IB.
    • • Applicants can avail a fee reduction as fixed by PCT division of WIPO from time to time.
      • Less cumbersome, for both RO as well as for the applicant.
      • Fast processing
      • Record copy transmitted to the IB on the same day
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